My interest in Op Art grew when one day my daughter drew a three-dimensional hand by using only lines. She was so happy at the outcome of her own painting.
What is Op Art?
Op Art or Optical art is an abstract form of art created mostly using geometrical shapes. The lines, shapes, and patterns are so drawn that it gives a feeling of depth and space within the painting. There is a strange sense of illusion like the effect of movement, flashing, vibration or warping.
The Op Art movement started just after the Pop Art movement, around 1965. Here we visit two famous artists who were known to be the pioneers of Op Art, Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley.
Victor Vasarely is considered to be the father of Op art. He was born in Hungary in 1906 but later he settled in Paris. It is in Paris that he started painting in his own style. His abstract geometrical art was meant to create optical illusion using a minimum number of forms and colors in rhythmic patterns. This repeated pattern and then a sudden change in the pattern is what confused or excited the eye.
As most Op artists, Vasaerly used black and white as his colors to create the maximum contrast. One of his very famous arts is the Zebras. Here you would find how he uses the volume of line to create the 3D effect on a 2D drawing. See more of Victor Vasarely Op Art.
Bridget Riley is a famous English painter who started generating Op art in black and white using simple shapes such as lines, squares, and ovals. By the rhythm and repetition of these simple basic forms, the painting starts to become visually active. Later she started adding colors and mixed warm with cold colors, like red and blue, to make the paintings vibrant.
Op art lesson
We will use lines to give a three-dimensional effect to a two-dimensional art. You should draw your hand as it is one of the most exciting projects.
Children above 10 years of age should try this form of art.
You will need an ordinary paper of normal size and some markers. We will restrict to two or three colors. We will recreate one of the existing paintings of these artists. Then you can slowly start thinking of drawing something on your own.
This project requires a lot of concentration. So take a small area and start to cover the area. The alternating colors and the repetition of patterns will create the illusion.